In this article, we’ll be taking a look at all you need to know about solar panel kits, is it with it, and how many watts of solar you will need for your home, 

What are solar panel kits? 

Everything you need to generate and use green energy is included in a solar panel kit. Solar panels, panel mounts, a charge controller to convert DC current to usable AC current, cabling and connections to tie everything together, and batteries to store all of the generated energy are all included.

These kits are packaged in a way that makes them simple to assemble, allowing homeowners to avoid guesswork throughout the solar installation process. 

There are many distinct versions of these kits available for purchase, each tailored to specific uses and requirements. Choosing one necessitates establishing a budget and determining which features you cannot live without even for a day.

Read More: Off-grid solar systems: All you need to know

Are solar panel kits worth it? 

People want to save money while preserving the environment. They wish to purchase solar cells in order to cut down on their energy use and long-term costs.

A solar panel kit is an excellent way to get started with a solar power system. A solar cell can now generate enough electricity to run a home on its own, thanks to advancements in technology and solar panel efficiency.

Furthermore, installation kits are affordable. Many types on the market can assist with almost any task. Some people even prefer to heat their homes with solar cells or portable solar power kits. Whatever your motivation, there are a variety of solar-powered kits available.

Solar energy is a good investment because it saves money on electricity. The upfront fees are the most difficult to overcome because you save money on a monthly bill. It’s worth looking into several sellers to see if you can locate a good offer. For solar installation, the average solar panel company will provide a discount.

How many watts of solar do I need?

Subtract the amount of daily peak sunlight hours in your area from your average hourly wattage demand. This tells you how much energy your panels must produce each hour.

What can a 100W solar panel run? 

A single 100-Watt Solar Panel can power multiple tiny gadgets such as cell phones, lamps, ceiling fans, wifi routers, laptops, and other small devices. Heaters, televisions, air conditioning systems, and other comparable items require more than one 100-Watt Solar Panel.

What can a 200W solar panel run?

A laptop, LED lights, an energy-efficient mini-fridge, an exhaust fan, a coffee maker, and a 32″ LED TV can all be powered by a 200-watt solar panel.

What can a 300W solar panel run? 

A 300-watt panel receiving 8 hours of sunlight per day will generate around 2.5 kilowatt-hours per day. We can acquire a solar output of roughly 900 kilowatt-hours per year if we multiply this by 365 days per year. In a nutshell, each solar panel will generate 900 kilowatt-hours each year.

Despite the various scenarios, there is still a vast list of appliances and equipment that can be powered by 300-watt solar panels, including laptops, LED lights, stereos, and televisions.

Read More: The best ways to use solar water heaters

What can a 400W solar panel run? 

With full irradiance, a 400-watt solar panel can run a 360 watt AC load (continuous). This figure accounts for a ten percent inverter loss. This covers a variety of devices such as televisions, laptop computers, slow cookers, and ceiling fans. A 120Ah battery and a 400-watt solar panel can power a compact fridge.

What can a 500W solar panel run?

The inverter, which produces 500 watts of power, could power a variety of devices. Small refrigerators, tablets, cellphones, cameras, computers, repair equipment, game consoles, small TVs, DVD players, and a variety of other household appliances are just a few examples. The inverter can be used up to 80% of its capability.

Conclusion 

Whether you’re a contractor or not, there’s a kit out there to suit your needs. Just double-check everything to make sure you’re getting the appropriate item. If you have any doubts about whether a certain kit is right for you, consult a professional (speak with us today). Solar energy is an unstoppable development that benefits everyone.

Fossil fuels are hazardous to the environment. Excessive burning of fossil fuels in the environment releases large amounts of carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, into the air. Greenhouse gases trap heat in our atmosphere, causing global warming.

Achieving solutions to the environmental problems we face today will require long term action plans for sustainable development. Renewable energy (e.g solar energy) is one of the most efficient ways to provide solutions for the environmental problems we face.

Sustainable development and solar energy are greatly intertwined.

Read More: Things that could affect your solar panel efficiency

What is sustainable development?

According to the United Nations, sustainability means “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”

Solar energy embodies this widely accepted definition of sustainability because the sun’s energy can be used indefinitely without diminishing its future availability.

In addition, most experts agree that the sun is the most important source of renewable energy.

Solar energy doesn’t just help reduce your electricity, it helps save humanity.

What are sustainable development goals?

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, were adopted by the United Nations in 2015 as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure that by 2030 all people enjoy peace and prosperity.

Use of solar energy provides environmental, social and economic benefits that can accelerate the world’s trajectory towards SDGs. Solar energy contributes to the reduction of poverty, and access to affordable and reliable electricity.

Solar energy and sustainable development

What is the impact of solar energy on the environment?

The sun provides a tremendous resource for generating clean and sustainable electricity without toxic pollution or global warming emissions. The sun is finite. Hence, the use of the sun in generating electricity has the following advantages:

Conserves water

A lot of traditional electricity production requires the use of water. This can consume thousands of litres of water per year.

Water is used for cooling generators, processing and refining fuel and transporting fuel through pipes.

However, generation of power through solar panels does not require the use of water.

Read More: How to use your solar panel charge controller

Reduces air pollution

Burning of fossil fuels results in environmental pollution. It can generate harmful carbon dioxide and methane gases in the atmosphere which affects the air we breathe in.

Generating electricity from solar panels produces no harmful emissions, and the more homes and businesses that rely on solar power means less toxic emissions from fossil fuels into our air.

It reduces our reliance on fossil fuels

The energy from the sun is free, which means there’s enough to go round. Fossil fuels aren’t free, and they’re running out quickly.

Therefore, reducing our reliance on these finite resources and taking advantage of an abundant, free source of energy, such as sunlight, could mean lower energy prices, reduced greenhouse gas emissions and a stronger, more stable energy future.

Conclusion

Solar energy consumption leads to sustainable development. It creates a pollutant free environment, eradicates poverty and leads to economic growth.

Solar charge controllers are an essential element to any solar electric panel system.


These charge controllers prevent batteries from being overcharged and prevent the batteries from discharging through the solar panel array at night.


Keep reading to find out how solar panel charge controllers are used.


What is a solar panel charge controller?


A solar charge controller is a solar-powered voltage and current regulator. They are used in off-grid and hybrid off-grid applications to regulate power input from PV arrays to deliver optimal power output to run electrical loads and charge batteries.


Uses of a solar panel charge controller


Solar panel controllers are essential for the devices’ voltage and opening the circuit.

It also stops the charging when the battery voltage ascends to a certain level.


The solar charge controllers can also control the reverse power flow. The charge controllers can distinguish when no power is originating from the solar panels and open the circuit separating the solar panels from the battery devices and halting the reverse current flow.


Types of solar panel charge controllers


• Simple 1 or 2 stage controls


• PWM (pulse width modulated)


• Maximum power point tracking (MPPT)


Simple 1 or 2 Controls


It has shunt transistors to control the voltage in one or two steps. This controller basically just shorts the solar panel when a certain voltage is arrived at.


PWM (Pulse Width Modulated)


This is the traditional type charge controller, and they are essentially the industry standard now.


Maximum power point tracking (MPPT)


The MPPT solar charge controller is the sparkling star of today’s solar systems. These controllers truly identify the best working voltage and amperage of the solar panel exhibit and match that with the electric cell bank.


How to use your solar power controller?


To connect your solar panel controller to your solar panel, follow the instructions below:

• Connect the battery to the charge controller


• Connect the battery to the charge controller FIRST. Then you connect the solar panel SECOND.


• Now connect the battery cables to the battery terminals.

• Connect negative first, then positive.
Your charge controller should turn on or light up.

• Connect the MC4 Solar Adapter Cables to the Solar Panel
This step takes all of 20 seconds to do. Locate the MC4 connectors at the ends of your solar panel’s cables.

• Connect the MC4 inline fuse and positive solar adapter cable to the positive solar panel cable. Connect the negative solar adapter cable to the negative solar cable.

• Connect the Solar Panel to the Charge Controller


Now, your battery is connected and your solar panel wires are ready to go. Now, the next thing to do is to connect your solar panel to your charge controller.


• To do this, connect the negative solar cable to the “-” solar terminal on the charge controller. Connect the positive solar cable to the “+” solar terminal.


Previously with the battery connection, the charge controller should light up or somehow indicate that the solar panel is properly connected.


When this happens, they’re all connected. Now it is ready for use.


Conclusion


Solar charge controllers are essential elements for solar panels.

It helps in preventing overcharge or undercharge.

The steps involved in connecting a solar panel controller to your solar panel includes:


• Connect the battery to the controller


• Connect the MC4 Solar adapter cables to the solar panel


• Connect the solar panel to the charge controller.


Solar panels come in different types. Each type with its unique set of advantages and maybe, disadvantages.

It is important to know the different types of solar panels because your choice will determine cost and amount of roof space your solar installation requires.


What is a solar panel?


Solar panels are used to collect solar energy from the sun and convert it into electricity.


A solar panel is composed of individual solar cells. Each solar cell is made from layers of silicon, boron and phosphorus.

The boron layer provides the positive charge, the phosphorus layer provides the negative charge, and the silicon wafer acts as the semiconductor.


When the sun’s photons strike the surface of the panel, it knocks out electrons from the silicon “sandwich” and into the electric field generated by the solar cells. This results in a directional current, which is then harnessed into usable power.


The entire process is called the photovoltaic effect, which is why solar panels are also known as photovoltaic panels or PV panels. A typical solar panel contains 60, 72 or 90 individual solar cells.


Types of solar panel


There are three main types of solar panels that are commercially available. They include:

• monocrystalline solar panels
• polycrystalline solar panels
• thin-film solar panels


Monocrystalline solar panels


Monocrystalline solar panels are the most popular solar panels used in rooftop solar panel installations today.


Monocrystalline solar panels have unique features considered better than the other two types of panels. They are as follows:


•The pyramid pattern of the cells offers a larger surface area to collect more energy from the sun’s rays.


• The cells are coated with silicon nitride to reduce reflection and thereby increase absorption.


• The produced electricity is collected through metal conductors printed onto the cells.


• It has higher efficiency of conversion of solar energy into electric energy than its two other counterparts.


• These panels have longevity up to 30 years.


• These panels exhibit greater heat resistance.


Applications


Because of their many advantages, monocrystalline solar panels can be used as follows:


• Can be used as solar rooftops in urban and rural areas.


• These panels are highly recommended for solar applications on a larger scale – on vast tracts of uncultivable land.


• These panels are also useful for residential and commercial applications.


• These panels are extremely useful in lighting up gardens.

• These panels can form an array and used to power rural homes.


• These panels are perfect for street lighting as stand-alone panels.


Polycrystalline solar panels


Polycrystalline solar panels are solar panels that consist of several crystals of silicon in a single PV cell.


Features of polycrystalline solar panels include:


• Polycrystalline solar panels have lower heat tolerance than monocrystalline panels. So, at higher temperatures, these solar panels have lower efficiency than others.


• Polycrystalline solar panels have a higher temperature coefficient than monocrystalline panels.


• These panels have a high power density.


• They come with a structural frame of their own which makes mounting cheaper and simpler.


Application of polycrystalline solar panels:


• They can be used in large solar farms.


• They are suitable for roof mounted arrays.


• They are used in self-powered devices such as traffic lights, and off-grid households.


Thin film solar panels


A thin-film solar panel is made up of one or more thin layers of photovoltaic materials that are laid onto a substrate.


Features of thin film solar panel:


• They are more flexible and light weight


• Installation is much easier than the others


• These solar panels are most suitable for applications with large rooftops or wide open spaces.


Application of thin film solar panels


• They can be used in solar farms


• They can be used to power traffic lights and street lights.


• They can be installed in large-sized steel water tanks to provide electricity for pumping water.


Conclusion


Solar panels come in three main different types: monocrystalline, polycrystalline and thin film solar panel.

Knowing the difference between each of them helps you in making the right choice during solar panel installations.

Is it possible for your solar panel to lose efficiency? It is very possible! You didn’t know? Now you do. There are certain factors that affect solar panels, and this results to a decline in efficiency.


Knowing these factors will help you do better with maintenance.

In this article, we’ll be looking at things that could affect your solar efficiency.


Keep reading to find out more.


What is a solar cell?


A solar cell or photovoltaic cell is a device that converts the sunlight into usable energy. The amount of sunlight that can be converted into electricity is referred to as solar cell efficiency.


What are the things that could affect your solar panel efficiency?


There are some factors that should be taken into consideration to guarantee the optimal efficiency of the solar panels.


The factors include:


• Sun


• Installation issues


• Weather


• Mounting position


• Poor maintenance


Sun


As we know, the solar panels work with the amount of sunlight and not heat from the sun.

The greater the amount of light incident on the panels, the higher the efficiency of the solar panels.


Installation Issues


Unfortunately, there are problems that are caused from the very start, caused by a less-than-stellar installation job.


It’s important to remember that solar panel installation is not a simple or easy job.

It’s not just a matter of installing panels onto the roof — because the solar system is a source of energy for the entire home, it has to connect with the electrical grid, and a careless installer might not implement these connections as well as they require.


Also, the condition of the roof is also a major factor.


Weather


Solar panels are designed to stand on top of your home all day, every single day, for decades.

For this reason, they’re engineered to hold up well against the elements, but that’s not to say they’re completely immune.


Sadly, the weather can indeed have an effect on your solar panels, and in extreme conditions, can even damage them.


Mounting position


Even if your solar panels are perfectly installed with zero issues in the connections or structural integrity, they might not work at optimal efficiency if they’re not oriented well.


We all know that solar panels absorb sunlight, so they should be positioned in such a way that they get as much exposure as possible at all times of the day.


Poor maintenance


Maintenance is key in prolonging the life span of a thing.
In a case where you don’t carry out periodic clean up on your solar panels, the presence of dust and dirt on the solar panels will drastically reduce their efficiency. Regular cleaning is recommended for all solar panels.


Conclusion


Solar panels can lose its efficiency. Some of the factors that can cause this includes: Poor maintenance, mounting position, weather, installation issues and the sun.

Solar panel systems can last for years even with limited maintenance checkups. However, a little knowledge on solar power maintenance can go a long way because regular checkups will save you costly repairs down the road, and keep your panels looking nice and shiny.

Solar panels are exceptionally easy to care for. They’re made out of tempered glass, which holds up well in tough conditions, and there aren’t any moving parts. It’s also not a bad idea to be well versed with each solar component in order to maintain your solar panel system.

Thinking about ways to maintain your solar panels?

We have listed three easy steps to on how to care for your solar panels below. Let’s go!

How To Maintain Your Solar Panels In 3 Easy Steps

1. Clean regularly

In places that experience regular rainy seasons, solar panels do not need to be cleaned too often. The occasional rain will take care of any dust, or snow (if experienced) will melt faster on the panels than it will on the rest of the roof.  

However, it’s a good idea every few months to glance at the panels and make sure there is no residual dirt, dust or leaves. If there is, a light rinsing off with a hose should take care of the problem.

It is not advisable to get on the roof to clean the panels. If there is a serious dirt buildup, consider investing in a long-handled broom or hose. If there’s a buildup of leaves, consider using a roof rake to take care of this problem.

Read Also: Why Is Solar Power Important?

2. Do a regular checkup with a solar monitoring device

Solar monitoring makes certain that your solar panels are working properly by tracking the power output of your system. With solar monitoring, you gain 24/7 peace of mind that your panels are working as efficiently as possible.

This helps you know when to carry out cleaning and general maintenance of the panel to increase efficiency.

3. Employ the services of a professional

Cleaning solar panels is an uncomplicated procedure that you can take care of just as well as a professional. If you have a small installation, it pays off to clean it on your own because the cost of professional cleaning would exceed the estimated energy gain associated with clean solar panels.

Also, you can also ask your solar installer to clean your panels while he is performing routine technical maintenance. He can execute this task in complete security.

Conclusion

Solar panels generally require very little maintenance in order to function. The only thing they need is a periodic light cleaning, routine checkups or employing a professional to do the work.  


The sun gives off far more energy than we need to power everything on earth everyday. It’s no news that solar energy is the key to a clean green energy future.

There are numerous advantages attached to investing in solar power. Research has shown that burning fossil fuels regularly is hazardous to human health.

Think about it! Everyday the fumes from generators,industries, etc., produce large quantities of carbon dioxide when burned. Carbon emissions trap heat in the atmosphere and lead to climate change.

In this blog post, we’ll be covering reasons why you should use solar power, incase you’re yet to.

Let’s dive in.

5 reasons you should consider using solar power

1. It is beneficial to the environment

The most commonly known fact about solar energy is that it represents a clean, green source of energy.

Solar power is a great way to reduce carbon in the environment. There’s nothing about solar power that causes pollution.

Solar power doesn’t release any greenhouse gasses, and uses no resources, except for needing a source of clean water to function. It is safe and environmentally-friendly. Yet, people are still in doubt why solar energy is good.

You should be among the 1% of the population contributing to a sustainable future. All you need to do is install solar panels on your roof and do away with burning of fossil fuels. Starting on your home is a great way to show you care about the environment.

Read Also: How To Buy Solar Energy In Nigeria | Specifications & Prices

2. The sun is a renewable energy

The sun provides us with more energy than we could ever use, and no one can monopolise the sunlight.

The solar resource is enormous. According to the US Department of Energy, the amount of sunlight that strikes the earth’s surface in an hour and a half is enough to handle the entire world’s energy consumption for a full year.

The sun can never get exhausted, and so does your power supply.

3. Saves you from utility bills

Home solar panels and a home battery can offer freedom from the utility companies with predictable electric bills. This helps you avoid peak electricity rates and provides reliable back-up power when the grid goes down.

Solar service agreements can offer low and predictable rates that are typically less expensive than your electric company’s rates, so you can expect, on average, to pay less for power when you go solar.

Electricity is more expensive during periods of peak demand and less expensive during low demand periods. With a rechargeable home solar and battery system, you can avoid the most expensive rates.

4. It is very accessible

You may continue to wonder why solar power. With the increasing need of solar energy, it’s become easily accessible to most of us. Across countries, there are vast land that are far away from big cities or capitals, and are not used for anything at all.

With solar power, we can actually make use of the land and subsequently generate great value; solar energy provides a source of power for everyone. In this way, we don’t need to use high priced land that might be better suited for other applications.

5. Uninterrupted power supply

Rooftop solar power is helpful in increasing electricity efficiency, considering the short distance. Your energy becomes domestic and as a result you’re in control of your own bills and energy usage.

Furthermore, solar power systems are durable, thus chances of service interruption are reduced.

Conclusion

Solar power has numerous advantages. You’ll be saving the environment by investing in solar energy, have uninterrupted access to electricity, and saved from heavy utility bills.

Have you heard about solar mini-grid systems and now you are wondering what are the basic components of a solar mini-grid system?

If this is you, then you are about to read in detail the basic technical components of a mini-grid system.

What are the Basic Technical Components of a Solar Mini-Grid?

A combination of three major systems makes up the basic technical components of a solar mini-grid. 

They are;

  1. Production System
  2. Distribution System 
  3. End-User System

These basic components of a solar mini-grid are not so different from that found in the conventional electricity production system.

For every solar mini-grid system you see out there, it is a combination of these three sub-systems. 

The solar mini-grid system begins with the production system component that has to do with the generation of electricity.

After generating electricity, there is a second component which is the distribution system that distributes electricity to the end-users.

At the end of the chain, we have the end-users. The end-user system provides connections that allow customers to use electricity in their homes and offices.

Let’s break it down in details.

1. Production System

It is important to pay attention to the production system when setting up the solar mini-grid system.

This is because the production system determines the mini grid’s overall capacity to provide electricity to end-users.

Whatever quantity of electricity the production system is able to produce, that is what the distribution system will transmit to the end-users.

The components of a solar mini-grid production system consist of the following

  • A set of energy generation technologies; for generating electricity through various means
  • Power inverters; for converting DC to AC and vice versa
  • A management system; for controlling the charging of batteries and distribution of electricity.
  • Batteries; for storage. 

components of solar mini-grid

Energy Generation Technologies

As part of the solar mini-grid energy generation technologies, we have the following:

  • Diesel generators
  • Hydropower systems
  • Solar photovoltaic (PV) modules
  • Wind turbines
  • Biomass-powered generators
  • Geothermal-powered generators

A mini-grid may use a single energy source or a mix of sources (hybrid) that are either renewable or nonrenewable.

For instance, an off-grid mini-grid system may use only solar photovoltaic (PV) modules to generate electricity.

Power Inverters

Some energy generation technologies produce direct current (DC) while others produce alternating current (AC).

For instance, a solar photovoltaic (PV) module generates DC, whereas nearly all mainstream appliances require AC.

The conversion is mostly dependent on the end user’s requirement.

Especially when end-users need a different type of electrical current than what the energy production technology generates.

Inverters in the electricity production system helps to convert electric current from DC to AC making it usable for most end-users.

Therefore, a solar-powered mini-grid serving several households would need an inverter as part of its production system.

Unlike the mainstream appliances which end-users use, charging of power storage batteries requires a DC power.

So, an inverter would convert electrical current from AC to DC if the current were coming from a grid-tied (utility) system or from a diesel generator.

In an AC-coupled configuration with storage (a battery), the energy generation and storage systems each have their own inverter.

These separate inverters connect to one another on the AC side of the system.

Operators can use the battery inverter to control charging and discharging.

In a DC-coupled PV configuration, the energy generation and energy storage systems share an inverter.

DC coupling tends to provide better performance.

This is because battery charging is more efficient when there are fewer power conversion steps.

storage battery house for solar mini grid system

Management System

Management systems form part of the basic components in a solar mini-grid – under the production system.

The management system measure, monitor and control electrical loads.

Let’s use the charge controller as an example.

To prevent the battery from charging and overcharging, connect a charge controller between the solar panel and the battery or inverter/charger.

Also, metering and monitoring equipment allow mini-grid managers to gather data about energy use across end-users, which informs operational decisions.

In order to optimize performance, management systems often couple computerized energy management tools with smart metering.

Some management systems allow operators to control the system remotely, including shedding loads as per requirement.

Storage

Some mini-grid production systems require energy storage units such as batteries to be able to supply electricity all the time.

This is true especially for solar and wind resources that only produce power when the renewable resources are available.

Because these renewable resources are not always available round the clock, they cannot produce electricity according to user demand.

For such a mini-grid system to be able to meet the power requirement of the end-users on-demand, it must store energy and supply it when resources are not available.

One awesome benefit of energy storage is that it adds stability to the system by storing energy for peak consumption.

Large mini-grid systems that run diesel generators continuously do not require batteries.

However, nearly all other mini-grid systems require some type of energy storage.

To optimize system performance, longevity and cost, project developers need to identify the most appropriate energy storage technology for their mini-grid.

Lead-acid batteries are the most common, but fuel cells and advanced battery technologies—like lithium-ion, nickel-metal hydride and sodium-ion batteries—are generally more efficient and last longer.

Interestingly, the costs for these new battery technologies continue to decrease as they become advance in technology.

Despite the need to store electricity for when there is a need for it, it is worthy to note that large battery banks pose serious safety hazards.

High concentrations of hydrogen gas can cause explosions, and leaks can cause electrolyte spills.

To curtail these hazards, installers should locate batteries in locations with good ventilation such as utility rooms or outbuildings.

Also, purchasing and operating a battery can sometimes cost more than operating a diesel generator continuously.

This may be the case when the operators are unlikely to maintain and use the battery correctly.

2. Distribution System

The distribution system is the second basic component of a solar mini-grid system.

After generating electricity in the production system, the distribution system transmits the electric power from the energy production system to end-users.

Distribution and/or transmission lines, transformers and the infrastructure to support the lines, such as poles are key components of a distribution system.

Lines can be overhead or underground. Overhead transmission is most common as it is comparatively cheaper and easy to connect to the end-user.

The distribution system uses a variety of voltages when transmitting electricity from the production system to the end-users.

It can be either be AC or DC, and either a single- or three-phase power supply.

AC voltage levels in a mini-grid network covering a large area can be changed by transformers.

To transmit electricity more efficiently over a distance, AC output voltage can be increased by step-up transformers.

On the other hand, step-down transformers decrease the voltage from high- or medium-voltage transmission lines to 120 V or 220 V for residential use.

Distribution network costs and system losses in AC mini-grids can be minimized by transformers.

Distributing electricity at medium voltage allows systems to use smaller conductors, minimizing cable costs.

A higher voltage causes greater safety risks for operators and users. Therefore, special training is required for operators. 

There are various efficiencies in various components. Therefore, the determining of voltage, current and transformers impact energy losses.

The cost setting up the distribution system usually dictates which option project developers choose.

DC is generally less expensive than AC because AC requires power conditioning equipment.

The availability of appliances for different currents is also consideration developers must take note of.

End-user system component of mini-grid systems

End-user System

The end-user systems provide an interface for electricity consumers to access, use and monitor electricity from the mini-grid.

It takes into account consumers’ needs and energy uses to determine the type of system that will be fit for the connection.

For example, a business that uses large machinery for production purposes will need a different system than households that use electricity for lighting and small appliances.

The end-user system consists of three basic components;

  • Connections to and from the mini-grid
  • Systems to prevent electrical shocks and harm to both equipment and users
  • Power consumption metering.

Benefits of an end-user system component in solar mini-grid systems

The end-user system has some important uses and benefits to both the consumers and the operators.

  • End-user systems provide information to consumers, that allow them to monitor their energy consumption, estimate the cost of their consumption and understand the current status of the system.
  • They also provide useful data back to the system operator, reporting on consumption rate and timing, like when and how much energy is used.
  • These data provide valuable feedback to system operators, which enables them to estimate and predict demand and consumption patterns.
  • The data also allows regulators to establish tariffs that balance the needs of the operator and the consumer. While ensuring differing use cases are priced fairly and competitively.
  • Finally, the end-user system provides important electrical bond and grounding mechanisms. This helps to ensure the safety of its users and protect valuable and expensive equipment.

Power consumption metering

Mini-grid enterprises rely on frequent, small payments from their customers for the use of electricity.

This makes metering, billing and collection time-consuming and expensive too.

Innovative metering and payment systems automate these otherwise complex tasks.

Individual meters (one per end-user) provide the greatest degree of control over energy use.

Meters can be pre- or post-paid; pre-paid meters typically are called pay-as-you-go (PAYG) metering.

Newer generation meters are typically considered “smart meters.”

Although older, traditional meters are still in use, both have advantages and disadvantages.

Green Village Electricity Mini-Grid Installation

Having read to this point, we believe you now understand the various components of a solar mini-grid system.

The basic components of a solar mini-grid system consist of the production system, distribution system and end-user system.

Each of these components has sub-systems via which electricity is produced, distributed and used by end-users.

GVE Projects Ltd has a track record of setting up efficient mini-grids in Nigeria.

It is part of our services to bridge the electricity gap in Nigeria by designing and installing solar mini-grids, home solar installations etc.

You can read about some of the solar mini-grids we designed and installed in Nigeria.

If you are up for a partnership or you wish to provide electricity to an area as part of your company’s CSR activity, you can send an email to info@gve-group.com.

We are always ready to deploy our solar mini-grid system to meet the electricity need of people.

Call +234 909 2227 483 to communicate with one of our representatives immediately for more inquiry.

GVE Projects Limited, an innovative, indigenous renewable energy solution provider in Sub-Saharan Africa, has deployed an 18KVA solution to power an isolation and treatment facility upgraded and furnished by the Private Sector Coalition Against COVID-19 (CACOVID) at the Enugu State Medical Diagnostics Centre, Nigeria.

GVE also successfully deployed a 12KVA solar system with 30kWh battery storage solution at the Rivers State COVID-19 Isolation Facility located at the Eleme General Hospital, Ogale, Nchia in April.

Funding for the provision of emergency solar power to these health centres was provided by All On’s N180m COVID-19 Solar Relief Fund launched on March 31, 2020. All On, an impact investing firm funded by Shell, released this fund as part of its efforts towards the national response to contain the pandemic.

GVE CEO, Mr. Ifeanyi Orajaka, said, “As a socially responsible organization, we are happy to provide assistance during this national crisis despite the challenges caused by the lockdown. I salute the selflessness of my colleagues who implemented these projects in strict compliance with necessary health and safety guidelines.”

This effort was accomplished in close collaboration with All On, Stakeholder Democracy Network (SDN), Clean Technology Hub (CTH), and the Rivers and Enugu State governments.

All On CEO, Dr. Wiebe Boer, said, “In line with our mission, these projects further demonstrate our commitment to supporting relief efforts in the Niger Delta and Nigeria as a whole during these critical times, and we commend GVE for its professional and timely execution”.

Similar sentiments have been shared by other partners.

SDN Programmes Advisor, Chris Newsom, said, “SDN is pleased to play a facilitation role on the Eleme project. Credit goes to GVE and the Ministry of Health, Rivers State, for connecting efficiently to make this happen swiftly.”

The projects could potentially deliver long term, direct impact on the communities.

Founder/CEO of CTH Ms. Ifeoma Malo, said, “The installation at the Enugu isolation centre will greatly mitigate the spread of the virus in the state and environs, by providing uninterrupted electricity to help patient management and support healthcare facilities at the centre.”

These solar installations will ensure the provision of uninterrupted power supply at the Rivers and Enugu State COVID-19 isolation facilities.

In addition to these on-going projects, GVE is further collaborating with All On to provide complimentary electricity to 21 healthcare facilities in its mini-grid sites located in rural communities across eight states in Nigeria. This on-going intervention will ensure that over 37,000 residents in rural communities enjoy access to affordable healthcare services over the next six months.

To achieve this feat, GVE is collaborating with other partners including IEEE Smart Village, Jinko Solar, Schneider Electric, Ardova Plc (formerly Forte’ Oil), Tranos to deploy emergency solar solutions at other COVID-19 isolation and testing centres across the country.

Administrator, CACOVID Zouera Youssoufou said: We are impressed by the efficiency with which GVE Projects Limited delivered the solar installation at the CACOVID-funded isolation centre in Enugu.

These partnerships are a demonstration that takes all sectors working together to curb the spread of this menace.”

For more on GVE Projects Limited by visit https://gve-group.com/You can also find GVE on FacebookInstagram and Twitter

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